The former Himalayan kingdom of Mustang is an arid and starkly beautiful land. Long protected from mass tourism, its allure has come from its inaccessibility and its reputation as a last bastion of traditional Tibetan culture.


Officially Mustang is the name of the entire district along the Kali Gandaki from the Tibetan border south to Ghasa on the Annapurna Circuit. The restricted are of Tibetan influence lies north of Kagbeni, and Nepalis refer to this as upper Mustang.

Upper Mustang consists of two distinct regions: the southern part and the northern part. The southern part has five villages inhabited by the people related to the Manangis. The northern part is the former kingdom of Lo. This is where language, culture and traditions are almost purely Tibetan. The capital of Lo is Manthang.


The 7000 people of Upper Mustang call themselves Lobas, meaning 'Lo people'.

They herd yaks, raise goats and sheep, and farm buckwheat, barley, wheat and mustard. The harsh conditions allow only one crop a year, except in the villages below Chhuksang where two crops are grown. Planting is in April and May, and during September the entire region is busy with the harvest. Many residents leave Mustang between November and March to sell sweaters in southern Nepal or India or work in Kathmandu.

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Best Season:May to October

Treks in Mustang

tilicho lake trek by Mountain People

    Tilicho Lake Trek [Thorong La]

    19 Days

    With the Tilicho Lake Trek you trek all around the Annapurna Circuit via Tilicho Lake (4920m) and Thorong La (5416m). The lake collects the glacial melt of the entire northern slopes of Annapurna and the Thorong Peak. People even claim…

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    Upper Mustang Trek By Mountain People Treks Mustang

      Upper Mustang Trek [Kingdom of Lo]

      16 Days

      Mustang, the former Kingdom of Lo, is a remote and isolated region of the Nepalese Himalayas. Since Upper Mustang was a restricted area until 1992, it is one of the most preserved regions in the world. This is an epic journey…

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      Muktinath Trek by John Pavelka

        Muktinath Trek [pilgrims trail]

        14 Days

        Muktinath is the final destination of the sacred Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage. With this Muktinath Trek, you follow the final part of this pilgrimage. The trail goes up, through the gorge carved by the Kali Gandaki river. This water comes…

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        Trekker enjoys the view above Kagbeni by John P.

          Annapurna Circuit Trek [Thorong La]

          22 Days

          During the Annapurna Circuit Trek in particular you get varied views and landscapes. Because the route takes you all the way around the entire Annapurna Massif. You trek from Nepalese Hindu villages to traditional Tibetan Buddhist villages. And from a moist green jungle,…

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